Introduction of Medical Oncology
As a field of medicine, medical oncology focuses on cancer prevention, diagnosis, and treatment with chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, biological therapy, and targeted therapy.
Why a second opinion for Cancer?
A cancer diagnosis can be a daunting and overwhelming experience for anyone, especially when it comes to determining the best course of treatment. With so many variables to consider, it's essential to take the time to ensure that you receive an accurate diagnosis and the best possible care. Seeking a second opinion for a cancer diagnosis is an excellent way to ensure that you are getting the most comprehensive information about your condition and the various treatment options available.
The most common types of cancer
Cancer begins when healthy cells in the breast change and grow out of control, forming a mass or sheet of cells called a tumor.
The good news is that mortality from breast cancer has declined by 2 % each year since 1990, and this is because of the increased awareness, screening and, better methods of early diagnosis and treatment. For early diagnosed patients, the five year survival rate is above 95%.
Colorectal cancer begins when healthy cells in the lining of the colon or rectum change and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumor.
Both genetic and environmental factors can cause the changes. However, when a person has an uncommon inherited syndrome, changes can occur in months or years.
Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that is developed in the prostate gland in men. It is the second most common cancer in men, after skin cancer.
Before treatment, the patient must have a complex grade with MRI, SPECT/CT, or PET/CT with 68Ga PSMA. The latter has been recently FDA approved and gives a higher rate of precision when it comes to staging of distant prostate cancer.
Lung cancer develops from the bronchial mucosa cells, but it can also develop from every other cell in the respiratory system- alveoli, bronchioles, or trachea.
The standard treatment of lung cancer includes three methods: Surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy or immunotherapy. Surgery is a very good option in local NSCLC. For all the other types and stages, the combination of the three methods caries better chances of success.
Testicular cancer is a disease where cancer cells develop in the testicular tissues. More commonly it develops only in one of the testis, but in some rare cases, it can be found bilaterally. Caucasian men between the ages of 20 to 45 are the risky population to develop testicular cancer.
Uterine cancer is the most common cancer occurring within the female reproductive system.
Treatment for this type of cancer varies depending on the grade of the tumor, how far it goes into the uterus, and the stage or extent of the disease.
The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus in the female reproductive system. Cervical cancer begins when healthy cells on the surface of the cervix change or become infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumor.
Pancreatic cancer is cancer that's found anywhere in the pancreas. There are two types of tumors that grow in the pancreas: exocrine and neuroendocrine tumors. Even though pancreatic cancer has a poor survival rate, it can potentially be cured if detected and treated very early.
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